Human Behavior in the Social Environment (SWK 5223)

A course at the University of Oklahoma Anne and Henry Zarrow School of Social Work taught by Carrie Jankowski, MSSW, LCSW

Month: September 2016 (Page 1 of 15)

BP6

Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

The two negative outcomes of electronic media covered in the (ch 6. pg. 209) stated children under three who watch tv more frequently tend to have shorter attention span. at 7 years old. The second negative outcome stated in the chapter is children who watch violence show tend to be inhibit  difficult behaviors as they get older. The two positive outcomes stated children who are difficult to sooth are calm when they from tv. the second positive outcome in the chapter stated children learn from the educational programs they on tv.  I would inform the parents that although children being exposed to electronic media can be helpful when it’s educational they will have to balance the amount of electronic media their children are exposed to or else it could lead them to have difficult behavioral traits in the future.

BP 6

Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

Negative outcomes from visual electronic media use in childhood are attention difficulties. Infants and toddlers who were exposed to television were more likely to have attention issues later in childhood.  Television can also be disruptive for children during play. If the television is in the background it can disrupt their learning.

Positive outcome from visual electronic media use in childhood are it can help prepare children for school and expand their vocabulary. It is important to note this is in children about four years in age viewing educational television content.

It would be incredibly important to stress to parents how violent television can have an affect on children. Children who view violent content, regardless of age, were shown to have attention difficulties.

 

BP 6

Two positive outcomes from using visual electronics would be 1. Enhances brain activity and exercise the brain with minimum use. 2. Enhances eye coordination which in turn will stimulate the brain as well. The negative outcomes from children using visual electronics would be 1. too much time spent with visual electronics could cause insomnia which could affect the education of a child because they are tired. 2. Lastly, they become to hypnotized in these visual electronics to the point where they ignore their responsibilities of school functions regarding homework and other educational responsibilities.

As a social worker, if I were working with a parent in regard to screen use for their child, I would recommend limited hours suggesting no more than 2-3 hours a day. I would not want any child to become exhausted from being too wired to function in day to day activities and learning functions.

BP6

When deciding when to introduce technology and media to your children a parent should look at the research that has been done previously regarding the positive and negative outcomes of this exposure.  On the negative side there have been no advantages to young children in regards to increased knowledge when infants and toddlers are exposed to technology.  DeLoache (2010) tested the effectiveness of several marketed products and found that over a 4 week period there was no increase in the child’s knowledge of targeted words.  In fact babies whose mothers worked with them over the same period showed more recognition of words that the children who watched the television programs. These findings were attributed to the slower pacing of visual and auditory stimulation in a more nature way by the mother Zimmerman and Christakis found a link between infant/toddler exposure to television and later problems with attention and focus on activities.

 

On the positive side the older children that were exposed to more controlled electronic media sitedwere able to benefit in the form of perceptual and cognitive development.  Stevens & Muslow, (2006) and Zimmerman &chistkis (2007)

BP 6

According to the textbook, infants and toddlers are drawn to the visual stimuli of electronics such as television because if the draw to their attention with rapidly changing sights and sounds (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010). There is many studies that show a link between infant electronic media viewing and later attention problems (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010). Another problem with children’s early use of electronic media is that it takes time away from activities that are responsive to the child, such as a parent reading to the child (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010).

One benefit of children using electronics is the opportunity of learning about computers, which is important in our day in age (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010). Another benefit is that studies have found that video games are shown to improve visual-spacial skills (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010).

If I were working with a parent I would recommend limiting the amount of time the child is on the electronic device.

BP6

There is much controversy concerning how much visual electronic media use is appropriate for children. According to the longitudinal study conducted by Christakis and his colleagues, they found that infants and toddlers who watched more television before age 3 had more attention deficit around age 7. However, they also found that educational television was not associated with attention problems later in childhood but that television for entertainment was. Also, there has been a link between slow language development and watching educational shows due to less interactions with the caregiver. There are some advantages for children using computers and other electronics such as computer skills needed for academic success and future employment. There are many advantages and disadvantages so it is important for parents to find a balance for their child’s use of electronic devices.

BP 6

Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

Negative effects of infants viewing educational DVDs revealed a link to a slower pace of language development. It was also found that more viewing of these DVDs were related to a worse language delay. Studies are still uncertain on whether the use of electronic media causes harm, but it is evident that media takes time away from other activities that are are more critical for positive cognitive development. Some educational programming on TV, however, produces positive effects such as improved school readiness and better number skills for preschoolers. Some children have shown reduced attention during play because of televisions in the background which could be a marker for poor development in the future. Also, the more “entertaining” a TV program is, the less likely some children are to perform well in school. Becoming computer literate is certainly a skill that is important for education and learning basic computer skills are useful for children. However, it’s important to be able to limit some of the exposure of these electronic devices to children at vulnerable ages.

Parents who are struggling with on screen time for children could be offered information on resources and organizations that have guidelines for the use of electronic media. Such possible resources include the U.S. Department of Education (ed.gov) and the Children’s Partnership (childrenspartnership.org). These two websites offer information to support parents and teachers. It is important that everyone recognize that the best outcome for children using technology comes from supportive adults who continue to provide information to them such as language skills, empathy and flexibility.

Reference

Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The Emerging Self and Socialization in the Early Years.   The Life Span: Human Development for Helping Professionals (4th ed., pp 168-201).  Upper  Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

BP 6

Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

Research was conducted to determine if the amount of television youth watched during their childhood caused problems for them as they grew up.  During one study it was determined that there is a link in attention difficulties and infants and toddlers that watched TV (as cited in Broderick & Blewitt, 2015).  Later studies revealed that the content found in the television shows impacted whether the child would display issues with attention (as cited in Broderick & Blewitt, 2015).  If the shows were educational in nature versus entertainment in nature the children were found to have no issues with attention difficulties (as cited in Broderick & Blewitt, 2015).   Studies also show that television shows labeled as educational in nature did not improve the  toddlers’ learning versus a toddler whom did not watch the educational television show (as cited in Broderick & Blewitt, 2015).  However a preschoolers’ exposure to educational programing provides some positive effects including preparing them for school.

Broderick, P. C. & Blewitt, P. (2015). The Emerging Self and Socialization in the Early Years. The Life Span: Human Development for Helping Professionals (4th e., pp 180-181). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

 

BP6 In Real Life (off screen childhood)

Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

Visual content, social media, and entertainment programming can be a double edged sword for developing children. Development of self-concept can be strengthened or diversified when children have access, through media, to cultures and identities outside their community. Another positive outcome of visual media learning is a broader expression of social norms, otherwise inaccessible to a child isolated in a fixed environment. Inversely, social interactions are the learning point which a child begins to develop a sense of their actions as they relate to others. A individual interacting with a screen representation of another person, may hinder the growth of self recognition and perspective taking ability. Morality is formed through human interactions and is fostered face to face, away from the screen.

For parents who rely heavily on the screen to guide their children, I would refer them to education on moral development and the importance of human relationships, daily interaction, and responsive role models.

 

BP6

Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

The text discusses visual electronic media use in childhood and how it can both positive and negative outcomes. Let us look at television watching. One negative outcome of watching too much television before age 3 is having difficulty regulating attention later. Another negative outcome is that watching too much television takes away from other activities that are detrimental to a child’s cognitive development. A positive result would be that if a child is watching educational television his/her vocabulary growth before kindergarten will improve. Another positive outcome of using visual electronic media is that it allows a child to become more tech savvy which is needed in our ever evolving society.

If I was working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children I would need to educate the parent on the pros and cons of screen use. While electronic media can be beneficial to a child’s development, too much exposure can be harmful. I would advise the parent that the type of programs (educational versus entertainment) that a child is exposed to also plays a role in trying to decide how much screen use is appropriate for the child.

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