Prompt: Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?
Response: Positive outcomes from visual electronic media use in childhood would be helping children when they are older they are able to retain more knowledge and have more access to more information; their logical thinking skills to characterize pieces of information that is relevant to a problem situation and how the pieces of information is relevant to each other. Negative outcomes would be attention difficulties and temperament differences in infants and toddlers before the age of 3. Research also shows that the content of the visual media is important since shorter programs are better than longer programs that help with the attention difficulties for infants/toddlers. If the content is violent then that affects the temperament of the child versus smooth programs that have a calming effect. Violent content would be considered fast changing scenes in a program that had a lot of noise and motion. Lastly, research was conducted over how children absorbed the educational programs over a 4 week span that did not show any change in a child’s ability for word recognition. However when a different group of children were presented by their caregiver on visually pointing out words over a 4 week span and personally interacting with the child, the children were able to recognize the word appropriately. Studies show that physical interaction with children at an early age improve their cognitive development better than visual media stimulation.