Human Behavior in the Social Environment (SWK 5223)

A course at the University of Oklahoma Anne and Henry Zarrow School of Social Work taught by Carrie Jankowski, MSSW, LCSW

Month: September 2016 (Page 2 of 15)

Blog Post 6

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Prompt: Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

 

Response: Positive outcomes from visual electronic media use in childhood would be helping children when they are older they are able to retain more knowledge and have more access to more information; their logical thinking skills to characterize pieces of information that is relevant to a problem situation and how the pieces of information is relevant to each other. Negative outcomes would be attention difficulties and temperament differences in infants and toddlers before the age of 3. Research also shows that the content of the visual media is important since shorter programs are better than longer programs that help with the attention difficulties for infants/toddlers. If the content is violent then that affects the temperament of the child versus smooth programs that have a calming effect. Violent content would be considered fast changing scenes in a program that had a lot of noise and motion. Lastly, research was conducted over how children absorbed the educational programs over a 4 week span that did not show any change in a child’s ability for word recognition. However when a different group of children were presented by their caregiver on visually pointing out words over a 4 week span and personally interacting with the child, the children were able to recognize the word appropriately. Studies show that physical interaction with children at an early age improve their cognitive development better than visual media stimulation.

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Two positive outcomes from visual electronic media use in childhood would include:  (1)  Granting children the opportunity to become computer literate is an important educational goal and should be encouraged and can lead to improved grade point averages for children who learned to properly utilize the internet; and (2)  Electronic games, whether played on computers or other media platforms, can develop the skills in children that the game uses.

Two negative outcomes from visual electronic media use in childhood include the following: (1) When viewing of television by children around age 3 is increased, the more likely those children are to have difficulty in regulating attention upon reaching age 7; and (2) Research also found that the more violent the content of programming being viewed, the more serious attention difficulties appeared to be later.

Suggestions for parents and screen use for children would include the following: (1) Children under 2 should not be exposed to screen learning and usage; (2) Children preschool age should have limited media time of no more than 1-2  hours daily; and (3) Children over the age of 6 or 7 should have the content of the images viewed by children controlled by the parents.

BP6 Visual Electronic Media

Positive and Negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media used in childhood:

 

Positive:  Sometimes kids that are difficult to sooth calm down while watching television.

Children can use visual media to become computer literate – children who use the Internet more have been found to have higher

GPA’s according to a study listed in our textbook.

Negative: After watching a violent program, a child may suffer from short-term attentional problems.

Exposure to visual media might keep the child from learning and enjoying more challenging entertainment, like reading.

If I was working with a parent who needed guidance  on the screen use for children I would share with them health facts about children who spend too much time watching TV may suffer from obesity and other health related issues. I would encourage the parent to watch television with the child and discuss with the child what he/she was watching. Most of all, I would encourage the parent to spend time with their child talking and interacting — I would share with the parent the positive effects of playing outside or playing sports. I would also encourage the parent to limit the child’s television/computer time starting at an early age so the child becomes accustomed to set viewing times and learns that they should not spend all their time watching television. I would also give the parent a list of websites to look at for more information.

 

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Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

Visual electronic media can be positive and negative regarding a child’s development. One of the benefits of a child watching television in terms of educational material, is that when coupled with parental interaction, can enhance learning. However, on the flip side, when children are left alone when watching educational programs it has been shown to cause delay, such as when learning language through video rather than from a person. (Broderick, p.209)

A negative consequence of television is that on it’s effect on attention for children. Broderick mentions that the more television that children watch before the age of 3 the harder it would be for them to regulate their attention by the time they were 7. (p. 208)

Though it seems television itself has negative connotations, the programming in which they watch is critical. TV shows like Dora the explorer ans Sesame street have shown that for children around 4yrs old benefit in terms of their reading readiness when it comes time to encounter those activities in school.(Broderick, p.209)

If I were to give advice to a parent needing guidance on when to use screen time effectively, my main focus would be around making sure that the parents moderate what the child watches and insures that interaction with the child takes place coupled with the screen time. Broderick mentions that the more violent the material on television, the worse it will affect the childs attention.(p.208-209)

 

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There are different accounts to what visual electronic media in childhood does to the children. In one study there appeared to be a link in infants/toddlers that viewing electronic devices negatively impacted their attention (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Research has also shown that there is little, if any benefit to TV viewing, but it does take away from other activities that provide proper stimulation for cognitive development, especially if it was entertainment and/or violent (the more violent the greater the impact on attention) (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). The most important thing is to make sure that the adults are interacting with the children, even if there is an electronic device being utilized.

There are some positive outcomes from introduction to electronic devices though. Introducing children to electronic devices can help with academics, the more experience they receive, the better they do (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). There is also improvements in vision and fine motor skills through the use of games, but like what was stated before, these were on older children, not infant/toddlers (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). If you are wanting to introduce electronics to children, it is best to wait until they are after the age of 2 (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). As they get older, there may be more desire to spend ample time on the electronics. This is when the guardian should set time limits on the media device so it doesn’t interfere with other needed areas of development (i.e. academics)(Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). It is also important to monitor who the children are in contact with online, and to try and help the children get a better understanding of programs (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). The time spent on the computer, or other media devices, should be utilized for development, not strictly entertainment. Parent interaction is still important.

Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The life span: Human development for helping professionals. Harlow: Pearson Education.

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Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

In reading the text it was explained that two negative outcomes associated to children utilizing visual electronic media was a decrease in children’s attention span along with shorter play episodes which impacts their ability to learn critical skills that are effectively learned through play activities. Additionally, another area of concern was that more viewing of visual media led to language delays in children. Positive outcomes associated with visual electronic media was observed when the parent or caregiver was actively interacting and engaging with their child during the media utilization as this promoted more efficient learning for the child. Another positive outcome to using visual media is improved computer skills for older children which is pertinent in today’s advancing technological society. As a helping professional it is important to share with caregivers that when utilizing visual media with children the caregiver needs to be actively engaged with children in order to promote improved learning and positive outcomes. Another piece of advice to caregivers is to encourage older children to surf the internet to encourage more opportunities to read as studies have shown children with internet access provides more opportunities for children to read than they would have had otherwise.

Blog Post 6

2 Positive & Negative Outcomes fromVisual Electronic Media and Parental Guidance 

According to Broderick and Blewitt (2015), TV viewing helps calm down kids hard to pacify (p. 209). Citing DeLoache and her colleagues, the authors also give an example of educational television helping children to learn (p. 209).Examples also exist for negative outcomes: the more harsh the program, the more children produced major issues with behavior and attention problems developed later (p. 208). Working with parents, I would share organizations and media that encourages and inspires learning (pp. 210-211).

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Visual electronic media has both advantages and disadvantages.

 

One negative outcome of  visual media is that it can create attention problems. This does not include educational programs. Programs such a cartoons can create attention span problems. Another negative problem that was found was language development. The correlation between hours spent watching had a major impact on  the development of their speech.

There are some positive outcomes to visual media viewed by children.  Children become education on how to use computers and electronics.  Visual media has also been a useful tool for children who are difficult to sooth since it helps divert attention.

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Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

According to the text, there are several negative outcomes and several positive outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in child hood. Some of the negatives cited in the text would include attention problems, slower paced of language development,  and a decrease in the amount of  time that the parents spent doing activities with the children.  Some positives noted in the text were found in preschool aged children. Those positives included the children being ready for school, more vocabulary, and better ability to know numbers. There are also benefits for children using computers and technology and their ability to navigate the computers.  Another negative aspect could be the violence displayed on television and the internet which could affect the child’s behavior negatively.  When working with parents as a social worker it would be vital to share information about screen time and the positives and negatives. It would also be important to discuss some type of parental controls. I would also share the importance of the correlation between attention problems and visual electronic media. Lastly I would look up articles to support the pros and cons and provide it to the parent.

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Rerencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

Two positive outcomes that come from visual electronic media use are that some younger children can watch educational programming that allow them to improve their readiness for school. Another positive for children would be they are more computer ready and know basic computer skills once they get to school, which is important in this day and age.

Two negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use are that it may take away from important actives that help children develop their brain. Interactions with with adults that are positive allow children to better develop language. It also inhibits small children from engaging in play activities that helps babies and toddlers develop the knowledge of the world around them.

In researching it is important to let parents know when media is appropriate to be introduced to certain age groups. The book talks about the importance of children under the age of two not even having exposure to electronic media. As children get older the opinions of age differ but the preschool age should have minimal exposure. Once children get to the age of 6-7  the primary concern is controlling what the child is allowed to look at and when. Allowing parents to be educated on the media is important.

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