Human Behavior in the Social Environment (SWK 5223)

A course at the University of Oklahoma Anne and Henry Zarrow School of Social Work taught by Carrie Jankowski, MSSW, LCSW

Author: Amber Giles (Page 1 of 2)

Community Analysis and Intervention for Census Tract 5.02

Community Analysis and Intervention for Census Tract 5


Regarding the Mindfulness Practice homework assignment, please reflect on that process and share its impact: positive, negative, or neutral. How could you use this in your own life or how could it benefit your clients?

As we discussed in class closure last week, please state 2 things that you are taking away from this course in Human Behavior and the Social Environment.

The Mindfulness Practice was very insightful. It really made me realize how much my mind wanders and how often I get lost in my thoughts and other distractions (TV, phone, Internet). The activity had a positive impact on me. Ten minutes does not seem like a long time, but it felt like forever to me. In that time frame when trying to step back from my own emotions to process things differently I found that I had more on my mind than I thought. It made me realize how active my mind constantly is. However, the activity was a good way to help me to regain focus, calm down and destress for a moment. This exercise will be helpful to use throughout my life when I am feeling stressed and overwhelmed and just need time to debrief and do nothing to recharge. This could potentially become a daily activity for me. This activity will be very beneficial to clients as well as it will allow them to not focus so much on the daily distractions and stresses of life but rather recuperate, destress and regain focus.

Two thing that I am going to take away from this class are the importance of understanding child development and how much impact the environment has on behavior and development. This class offered great insight on why children develop and possibly behave the way they do and how the environment also has a great deal to do with a persons development and behaviors as well.


Please respond to the following:

  • Share 2 changes/additions you made to your website (note if they were peer suggested or your own ideas) and explain your reasoning behind it. If you did not make any changes, please state as such.
  • Explain the relationship between stress, physical health, and mental health as it relates to subjective well-being as concretely evidenced by the text.

In my blog post there were several suggestions made about how I could appeal more to employers. On my contact screen I added my phone number, which was peer suggested. A peer also suggested that I add a page about experience, I chose not to add that page because I do not have much experience in the Social Work field. However, I did add my resume so a potential employer could see the experience I have in other areas.

Stress, physical health and mental health all play a major part with the well being of an adult. The body responds to stress and produces energy that enhances abilities to deal with the situation. Stress, physical health and mental health are all co-related and affect each other and the overall well being of an individual. When a person has too much stress in their life it affects the physical health, which in turn affects their mental health and overall well-being. Stress can lead to the downward spiral of both negative physical consequences and emotional consequences. It is important to have positive thoughts and emotions to promote recovery from stress and an individual’s overall well-being. Many life events and daily hassles add to the stress of an individual and can become chronic which means the person will continue to deal with these issues and well-being.

Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The Emerging Self and Socialization in the Early Years. The Life Span: Human Development for Helping Professionals (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.


Give one example of your own thinking at one or more points in your life that reflect the following: dualism, multiplicity, relativism

What are two marker events that could help a young adult to develop into their current level of thinking?

When I entered college, I learned that ideas or beliefs my parents taught me were not necessarily the only or correct way of thinking. For example, when I came to college, I had to be more responsible and learn to cope with and do things on my own. I knew that it was wrong to stay up late partying when I had an 8 a.m. class the next day. but without my parents there to constantly tell me right versus wrong I had to decide for myself and suffer the consequences for my actions. I had to be responsible for myself, which was difficult without the immediate (face to face) support from my family. This is an example of dualism.

College also taught me that not everyone has the same thoughts or opinions on certain subjects. My view of one subject may be completely different from someone else view. I had to really think for myself and make my own judgments on whether what my professor was explaining to me was right, especially if it was different from what my parents or previous school (elementary, junior high, high school) had taught me. Ultimately, what was instilled in me from family was what I deemed to be correct until I was able to research for myself. This is an example of multiplicity.

When I arrived at the relativism stage of development, I was able to have more in-depth conversations with my parents and families on particular topics and found that our views and ideas were perhaps somewhat different. This happened during college, but mostly after college. I was able to engage more with my parents and realized we felt the same on some issues and different on others

The text suggest many marker events. Two in particular that could help a young adult transition into their current level of thinking include leaving the family home, which I did when coming to college and was able to open my mind more to views of others and the world in general; and completing formal education, which taught me that my family’s views and thoughts were not the only correct or viewed the same in the world. It allowed me to have an open mind and engage and learn from others, helping me to develop into the person I am today.

Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The Emerging Self and Socialization in the Early Years. The Life Span: Human Development for Helping Professionals (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.


Referring to the peer review process for student websites, please state three changes you would recommend for your peer’s website and justify reasons for those changes.
Citing the text for specific supportive evidence, name one positive aspect and one negative aspect that influenced your adolescent development.

I reviewed a colleague’s blog post in class. The blog was very well structured. I had a few suggestions to make this excellent blog even better and more appealing to employers. One thing the blog post did not have was a contact page, although there was a resume. I would add the contact page just to give employers more information about the person. The contact page can include additional emails or social media links. Another suggestion is to add a photo so employers can see what you look like. I would also add a page with experience or special projects that the person has done in their professional career.

One positive aspect of my adolescence would be my relationship with my step-mother. The text explains how adolescence is often a time when children and parents do not see eye to eye. But my relationship with my step-mother helped me through the difficult adolescent  times and experiences.  She served as an outlet for me to express how I feel and talk about anything, anytime. My own mother was not as understanding. One negative aspect that influenced my development were my peers and environment. In the town where I grew up there was not much for teens or kids to do. So trouble was always in the forecast. To be accepted, sometimes I had to pretend to be a person that I was not to be liked and feel accepted.


Reflecting on our mid-term class self-assessment and mutual problem solving exercise, name at least one thing that YOU will do for the rest of the semester in this course to contribute to your personal learning experience and at least one thing that you will contribute to the collaborative learning experience.

One thing that I can do to contribute to my personal learning is read the chapters sooner in the week, I find myself waiting until a day or two before class to actually read the chapter. In doing this, I find it difficult to retain the information needed since each chapter contains a vast amount of information. Along with reading the chapter earlier int he week, I also need to manage my time better to be able to do this. Working full time,  being a parent and spouse and going to school is very challenging.


One thing I can do to contribute to the collaborative learning experience is to think more positively and try to understand other people’s point of view. I often find myself overwhelmed with the amount of material for the class and my thoughts are not always positive. I can also learn from my peers and their opinions even if they are different form my own. I want to be able to have more of an open mind and think more positively about the course and materials to enhance my learning experience and the experience of others.



Reflecting on specific gender messages in your culture, clearly name 2 messages that are restrictive and 2 that inspire inclusivity.

Cite at least one supporting example from the text as evidence for your ideas.


In the United States, society formulates gender roles. In my cultures, like many others, males are seen as dominant and have the ability to to solve complex problems. For example, males are seen to be good at math because of this idea. Also males (boys) are the ones who are encouraged to play rough, but this not something that is acceptable for females (girls) as they are to be lady-like and not rough. There are also gender message that inspire inclusivity like . In American culture, individualism is encouraged. The text states that often children in the U.S. are encouraged to seek fairness for themselves, verbally defend themselves and negotiate with others. The individualism idea inspires inclusivity because this idea is something that is strived for in American culture.


Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?

The text discusses visual electronic media use in childhood and how it can both positive and negative outcomes. Let us look at television watching. One negative outcome of watching too much television before age 3 is having difficulty regulating attention later. Another negative outcome is that watching too much television takes away from other activities that are detrimental to a child’s cognitive development. A positive result would be that if a child is watching educational television his/her vocabulary growth before kindergarten will improve. Another positive outcome of using visual electronic media is that it allows a child to become more tech savvy which is needed in our ever evolving society.

If I was working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children I would need to educate the parent on the pros and cons of screen use. While electronic media can be beneficial to a child’s development, too much exposure can be harmful. I would advise the parent that the type of programs (educational versus entertainment) that a child is exposed to also plays a role in trying to decide how much screen use is appropriate for the child.


There are four specific parenting styles. I am going to focus on my own parent, my mother. My mother will fall under the Authoritarian style. According to the text, the authoritarian style means that a parent is low on responsiveness, but highly demanding. This style most accurately describes my mother and upbringing. As a child, my mother never really showed much emotion or affection towards me. This was very difficult to accept growing up. She would always tell me what I needed to do and I never had the option to give my opinion. She always had to have a sense of control, even to this day she still tries to control me. Growing up my mother always used the fact that she was my mother against me and that nothing she did was ever wrong or her fault. I was always faulted for even trying to speak up or give an opinion. I was told I was talking back, being disrespectful and that I needed to stay in a child’s place.

Because of my mothers authoritarian parenting style, she and I still have issues to this day. Our communication is horrible, which is common with this type of parenting style. When I was a child I was never able to talk to my mother. Towards others my mother is very social and outgoing, but when it comes to me, her child, she is very distant and controlling. This has affected me in many ways throughout my life.


Reflecting on the New York Longitudinal Study (1977) of behavioral traits of infants, how might the effectiveness of caregiving behaviors be different for children with each temperament (name and address 3 traits specifically)? How could that affect level of attachment between caregiver/parents and child?

The effectiveness of caregiving may be different for children with various temperaments in that the child’s behavior is the basis for the caregivers behavior. a caregiver is going to react in different ways based on the temperament of the child. The book discusses how traits affect temperament. For example a child with a high activity level may be difficult for a caregiver to cope with. The book also discusses the mood trait and adaptability. The mood trait discusses how a child expresses himself such as their reaction to a particular situation. For example if a child is very attached to their caregiver and the caregiver walks away form the child, the child will become distressed and try to gain the attention of the caregiver.  With adaptability, if a child goes through long periods of withdrawals from the caregiver it is interesting to see how long it takes the child to adjust without the caregiver being there.

The temperament of the child and how a caregiver reacts to the child can affect the level of attachment between the child and the caregiver. For example if a child is very active, the caregiver may not know how to deal with the child and may isolate themselves from the child. This could harm the child’s development later in life and how the child interacts with others. it also regulates the type of care that the child may need based on the temperament of the child.

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